Proven Plagiarism Is What The Trump Campaign Had To Admit
Plagiarism can be defined as the copying of the language, structure, ideas or thoughts of another and representing the same as one’s own original work. Examples may include, but are not limited to, submission of a purchased research paper as one’s own work, paraphrasing and/or quoting material in a paper without properly documenting the source, and copying someone else’s language without using quotation marks and/or crediting the original author.
Melania Trump (2016)
From a young age, my parents impressed on me the values that you work hard for what you want in life, that your word is your bond and you do what you say and keep your promise, that you treat people with respect. They taught and showed me values and morals in their daily lives. That is a lesson that I continue to pass along to our son. And we need to pass those lessons on to the many generations to follow. Because we want our children in this nation to know that the only limit to your achievements is the strength of your dreams and your willingness to work for them.
Michelle Obama (2008)
And Barack and I were raised with so many of the same values: that you work hard for what you want in life; that your word is your bond and you do what you say you’re going to do; that you treat people with dignity and respect, even if you don’t know them, and even if you don’t agree with them. And Barack and I set out to build lives guided by these values, and to pass them on to the next generation. Because we want our children — and all children in this nation — to know that the only limit to the height of your achievements is the reach of your dreams and your willingness to work for them.
What Are The Chances of Plagiarism?
The ordering of these “common words” is what the issue was. What is the probability that, giving Melania Trump the same distinct phrases as used by Michelle Obama, she uses them in precisely the same order?
Looking at the 14 distinct phrases in question, the total number of possible orderings of those 14 phrases that Trump has in common with Obama is 14*13*12*11*10*9*8*7*6*5*4*3*2*1. That total is 87 billion making it a 1 in 87 billion chance that these phrases were put together randomly and not plagiarized. There is no doubt they plagiarized and the campaign had no choice but to admit it after initially denying it.