Palestine: Part 17 – Ten Point Program
Palestine: Part 16 – Munich Massacre
During the 12th Palestinian National Congress amidst tension in Lebanon, the Palestinian National Council approved the Ten Point Program formulated by Fatah’s leaders, which calls for the establishment of a national authority over any piece of captured Palestinian land, and to actively pursue the establishment of a democratic state in Israel/Palestine. The Ten Point Program was considered the first attempt by the PLO at a peaceful resolution, though the ultimate goal was “completing the liberation of all Palestinian territory, and as a step along the road to comprehensive Arab unity.”
You’ve Gone Soft
Despite the fact that the Ten Point Program calls for the elimination of Israel, it led to several radical PLO factions which also fought to eliminate Israel. They broke out to form the Rejectionist Front, a political coalition formed by radical Palestinian factions who rejected the Ten Point Program adopted by the PLO, that would act independently of PLO over the following years. Suspicion between the mainstream and more hard-line factions, inside and outside the PLO, have continued to dominate the inner workings of the organization ever since, often resulting in paralysis or conflicting courses of action.
Israel claimed to see the Ten Point Program as dangerous, because it allegedly allows the Palestinian leadership to enter negotiations with Israel on issues where Israel can compromise, but under the intention of exploiting the compromises in order to “improve positions” for attacking Israel. The Hebrew term for this is the “Plan of Stages” (Tokhnit HaSHlabim).
During future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, some Israelis repeated this suspicion, claiming that the Palestinians’ willingness to compromise was just a smoke-screen to implement the Ten Point Program. Israeli right-wing politicians claim that they are all parts of a ploy to implement the Stage Program as Yasser Arafat himself admitted in Arabic many times. The Ten Point Program has never been officially cancelled by Palestinians.
Palestine: Part 18 – Lebanese Civil War